UEIC-06.30.2013-10Q

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
_______________________________________ 
FORM 10-Q
_______________________________________ 
(Mark One)
ý
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2013
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from            to            
Commission File Number: 0-21044
_______________________________________ 
UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
 
Delaware
 
33-0204817
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
201 E. Sandpointe Avenue, 8th Floor
Santa Ana, California
 
92707
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (714) 918-9500
__________________________________ 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months, and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, any Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  ý    No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer" and "smaller reporting company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
 
Large accelerated filer
¨
Accelerated filer
ý
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).    Yes  ¨    No  ý
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 15,282,389 shares of Common Stock, par value $0.01 per share, of the registrant were outstanding on August 1, 2013.



UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
 
INDEX
 
 
Page
Number




Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited)
UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In thousands, except share-related data)
(Unaudited)
 
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
49,745

 
$
44,593

Accounts receivable, net
89,432

 
91,048

Inventories, net
100,050

 
84,381

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
3,654

 
3,661

Income tax receivable
6

 
270

Deferred income taxes
5,175

 
5,210

Total current assets
248,062

 
229,163

Property, plant, and equipment, net
76,337

 
77,706

Goodwill
30,876

 
30,890

Intangible assets, net
28,312

 
29,835

Other assets
5,195

 
5,361

Deferred income taxes
6,516

 
6,369

Total assets
$
395,298

 
$
379,324

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
65,947

 
$
59,831

Line of credit

 

Accrued compensation
33,005

 
33,398

Accrued sales discounts, rebates and royalties
6,179

 
8,093

Accrued income taxes
3,253

 
3,668

Deferred income taxes
45

 
41

Other accrued expenses
9,758

 
10,644

Total current liabilities
118,187

 
115,675

Long-term liabilities:
 
 
 
Deferred income taxes
10,654

 
10,687

Income tax payable
525

 
525

Other long-term liabilities
2,055

 
1,787

Total liabilities
131,421

 
128,674

Commitments and contingencies


 


Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $0.01 par value, 5,000,000 shares authorized; none issued or outstanding

 

Common stock, $0.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized; 21,839,302 and 21,491,398 shares issued on June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively
218

 
215

Paid-in capital
187,744

 
180,607

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
576

 
1,052

Retained earnings
179,356

 
170,569

 
367,894

 
352,443

Less cost of common stock in treasury, 6,619,048 and 6,516,382 shares on June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively
(104,017
)
 
(101,793
)
Total stockholders' equity
263,877

 
250,650

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
395,298

 
$
379,324

See Note 4 for further information concerning our purchases from a related party vendor.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

3

Table of Contents

UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
CONSOLIDATED INCOME STATEMENTS
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Net sales
$
136,109

 
$
116,704

 
$
250,831

 
$
220,436

Cost of sales
98,273

 
83,734

 
180,446

 
159,139

Gross profit
37,836

 
32,970

 
70,385

 
61,297

Research and development expenses
4,040

 
3,424

 
8,281

 
6,887

Selling, general and administrative expenses
23,820

 
23,080

 
48,233

 
45,632

Operating income
9,976

 
6,466

 
13,871

 
8,778

Interest income (expense), net
4

 
(51
)
 
13

 
(88
)
Other income (expense), net
(1,630
)
 
(126
)
 
(2,180
)
 
(450
)
Income before provision for income taxes
8,350

 
6,289

 
11,704

 
8,240

Provision for income taxes
2,509

 
1,136

 
2,917

 
1,455

Net income
$
5,841

 
$
5,153

 
$
8,787

 
$
6,785

Earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
0.39

 
$
0.35

 
$
0.58

 
$
0.46

Diluted
$
0.38

 
$
0.34

 
$
0.57

 
$
0.45

Shares used in computing earnings per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
15,098

 
14,933

 
15,032

 
14,904

Diluted
15,419

 
15,048

 
15,322

 
15,080

See Note 4 for further information concerning our purchases from a related party vendor.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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Table of Contents


UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME STATEMENTS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Net income
$
5,841

 
$
5,153

 
$
8,787

 
$
6,785

Other comprehensive income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in foreign currency translation adjustment
650

 
(2,421
)
 
(476
)
 
(1,493
)
Comprehensive income
$
6,491

 
$
2,732

 
$
8,311

 
$
5,292

See Note 4 for further information concerning our purchases from a related party vendor.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.


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Table of Contents

UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
Cash provided by (used for) operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
8,787

 
$
6,785

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used for) operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
8,788

 
8,525

Provision for doubtful accounts
48

 
37

Provision for inventory write-downs
1,130

 
1,623

Deferred income taxes
(111
)
 
6

Tax benefit from exercise of stock options and vested restricted stock
399

 
(72
)
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation
(366
)
 
(30
)
Shares issued for employee benefit plan
446

 
468

Stock-based compensation
2,561

 
2,337

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
638

 
(4,678
)
Inventories
(16,996
)
 
10,630

Prepaid expenses and other assets
143

 
(711
)
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
2,647

 
(13,523
)
Accrued income and other taxes
(168
)
 
(2,796
)
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
7,946

 
8,601

Cash used for investing activities:
 
 
 
Acquisition of property, plant, and equipment
(4,655
)
 
(4,261
)
Acquisition of intangible assets
(654
)
 
(430
)
Net cash used for investing activities
(5,309
)
 
(4,691
)
Cash provided by (used for) financing activities:
 
 
 
Issuance of debt
19,500

 
8,000

Payment of debt
(19,500
)
 
(11,400
)
Proceeds from stock options exercised
3,946

 
1,386

Treasury stock purchased
(2,435
)
 
(486
)
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation
366

 
30

Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
1,877

 
(2,470
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
638

 
(124
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
5,152

 
1,316

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
44,593

 
29,372

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
49,745

 
$
30,688

 
 
 
 
Supplemental Cash Flow Information:
 
 
 
Income taxes paid
$
2,420

 
$
5,354

Interest paid
$
43

 
$
176

See Note 4 for further information concerning our purchases from a related party vendor.
The accompanying notes are an integral part of these consolidated financial statements.

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Table of Contents

UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)
Note 1 — Basis of Presentation and Significant Accounting Policies
In the opinion of management, the accompanying consolidated financial statements of Universal Electronics Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries contain all the adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. All such adjustments are of a normal recurring nature and certain reclassifications have been made to prior year amounts in order to conform to the current year presentation. Information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements, which are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. As used herein, the terms "Company," "we," "us," and "our" refer to Universal Electronics Inc. and its subsidiaries, unless the context indicates to the contrary.
Our results of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the full year. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the "Risk Factors," "Management Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," "Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk," and the "Financial Statements and Supplementary Data" and notes thereto included in Items 1A, 7, 7A, and 8, respectively, of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2012.
Estimates, Judgments and Assumptions
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires us to make estimates, judgments and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, judgments and assumptions, including those related to revenue recognition, allowances for sales returns and doubtful accounts, warranties, inventory valuation, business combination purchase price allocations, impairment of long-lived assets, intangible assets and goodwill, income taxes and stock-based compensation expense. Actual results may differ from our expectations. Based on our evaluation, our estimates, judgments and assumptions may be adjusted as more information becomes available. Any adjustment may be material.
See Note 2 to the consolidated financial statements included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012 for a summary of our significant accounting policies.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2011, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2011-11, "Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities." The amendments in ASU 2011-11 require an entity to disclose information about offsetting and related arrangements to enable users of its financial statements to understand the effect of those arrangements on its financial position. In January 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-01, "Clarifying the Scope of Disclosures about Offsetting Assets and Liabilities," which limits the scope of ASU 2011-11 to derivatives, repurchase agreements and securities lending transactions. This guidance became effective on January 1, 2013 with retrospective application required. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In February 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-02, "Reporting of Amounts Reclassified Out of Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income," which updates ASU 2011-05, "Comprehensive Income." This standard requires the presentation in a single location, either in a note or parenthetically on the face of the financial statements, of the effect of significant amounts reclassified from each component of accumulated other comprehensive income based on its source and the income statement line items affected by the reclassification. We adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2013. The adoption of this guidance did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
In July 2013, the FASB issued ASU 2013-11, "Presentation of an Unrecognized Tax Benefit When a Net Operating Loss Carryforward, a Similar Tax Loss, or a Tax Credit Carryforward Exists." This standard requires an entity to present an unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion of an unrecognized tax benefit, in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward. To the extent a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward is not available at the reporting date under the tax law of the applicable jurisdiction to settle any additional income taxes that would result from the disallowance of a tax position or the tax law of the applicable jurisdiction does not require the entity to use, and the entity does not intend to use, the deferred tax asset for such purpose, the

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Table of Contents
UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


unrecognized tax benefit should be presented in the financial statements as a liability and should not be combined with deferred tax assets. This guidance is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2013. Early adoption is permitted. The adoption of ASU 2013-11 is not expected to have a material impact on our consolidated results of operations or financial position.
Note 2 — Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents were held in the following geographic regions:
(In thousands)
June 30,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
United States
$
14,208

 
$
2,741

Asia
25,758

 
27,317

Europe
6,079

 
9,361

Cayman Islands
1

 
1

South America
3,699

 
5,173

Total cash and cash equivalents
$
49,745

 
$
44,593

Note 3 — Accounts Receivable, Net and Revenue Concentrations
Accounts receivable, net were as follows:
 
(In thousands)
June 30,
2013
 
December 31,
2012
Trade receivables, gross
$
87,664

 
$
90,056

Allowance for doubtful accounts
(325
)
 
(322
)
Allowance for sales returns
(588
)
 
(996
)
Net trade receivables
86,751

 
88,738

Other
2,681

 
2,310

Accounts receivable, net
$
89,432

 
$
91,048

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Changes in the allowance for doubtful accounts were as follows:

(In thousands)
Description
 
Balance at
Beginning of
Period
 
Additions
to Costs  and
Expenses
 
(Write-offs)/
FX Effects
 
Balance at
End of
Period
Valuation account for trade receivables:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six months ended June 30, 2013
 
$
322

 
48

 
(45
)
 
$
325

Six months ended June 30, 2012
 
$
1,021

 
37

 
(7
)
 
$
1,051

Sales Returns
The allowance for sales returns at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 included reserves for items returned prior to period-end that were not completely processed, and therefore had not yet been removed from the allowance for sales returns balance. If these returns had been fully processed, the allowance for sales returns balance would have been approximately $0.3 million and $0.6 million on June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively. The value of these returned goods was included in our inventory balance at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012.

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Table of Contents
UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


Significant Customer
Net sales to the following significant customer that totaled more than 10% of our net sales were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Net Sales
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Net Sales
DIRECTV
$
22,137

 
16.3
%
 
$
19,215

 
16.5
%

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Net Sales
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Net Sales
DIRECTV
$
42,984

 
17.1
%
 
$
35,426

 
16.1
%
Trade receivables associated with the significant customer activity disclosed above were as follows:
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Accounts
Receivable, Net
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Accounts
Receivable, Net
DIRECTV
$
10,360

 
11.6
%
 
$
9,277

 
10.2
%
The loss of this customer or any other customer, either in the United States or abroad, due to their financial weakness or bankruptcy, or our inability to obtain orders or maintain our order volume with them, may have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.
Note 4 — Inventories, Net and Significant Suppliers
Inventories, net were as follows:
 
(In thousands)
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012

Raw materials
$
23,683

 
$
17,438

Components
16,733

 
20,978

Work in process
3,250

 
1,050

Finished goods
58,306

 
46,939

Reserve for excess and obsolete inventory
(1,922
)
 
(2,024
)
Inventories, net
$
100,050

 
$
84,381

 

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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


Reserve for Excess and Obsolete Inventory
Changes in the reserve for excess and obsolete inventory were as follows:
 
(In thousands)
Description
 
Balance at
Beginning
of Period
 
Additions
Charged to
Costs and
Expenses (1)
 
Sell
Through(2)
 
Write-offs/FX
Effects
 
Balance
at End
of Period
Reserve for excess and obsolete inventory:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six months ended June 30, 2013
 
$
2,024

 
$
1,022

 
$
(219
)
 
$
(905
)
 
$
1,922

Six months ended June 30, 2012
 
$
3,447

 
$
1,386

 
$
(558
)
 
$
(1,238
)
 
$
3,037


(1) 
The additions charged to costs and expenses do not include inventory directly written-off that was scrapped during production totaling $0.1 million and $0.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. These amounts are production waste and are not included in management’s reserve for excess and obsolete inventory.
(2) 
This column represents the reversal of reserves associated with inventory items that were sold during the period. Sell through is the result of differences between our judgment concerning the saleability of inventory items during the excess and obsolete inventory review process and our subsequent experience.
Significant Suppliers
We purchase integrated circuits, components and finished goods from multiple sources. We had purchases from the following significant suppliers that totaled more than 10% of our total inventory purchases as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of
Total
Inventory
Purchases
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of
Total
Inventory
Purchases
Samsung
$

 
 
$
5,719

 
10.0
%

 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of
Total
Inventory
Purchases
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of
Total
Inventory
Purchases
Samsung
$

 
 
$
10,935

 
10.2
%
Samjin
$

 
 
$
11,193

 
10.4
%
 
We have identified alternative sources of supply for these integrated circuits, components, and finished goods; however, there can be no assurance that we will be able to continue to obtain these inventory purchases on a timely basis. We maintain inventories of our integrated circuits, which may be utilized to mitigate, but not eliminate, delays resulting from supply interruptions. An extended interruption, shortage or termination in the supply of any of the components used in our products, a reduction in their quality or reliability, or a significant increase in the prices of components, would have an adverse effect on our operating results, financial condition and cash flows.


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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


Related Party Vendor
We purchase certain printed circuit board assemblies from a related party vendor. The vendor is considered a related party for financial reporting purposes because our Senior Vice President of Manufacturing owns 40% of this vendor. Inventory purchases from this vendor were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Total Inventory Purchases
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Total Inventory Purchases
Related party vendor
$
2,469

 
3.0
%
 
$
2,152

 
3.8
%
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Total Inventory Purchases
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Total Inventory Purchases
Related party vendor
$
4,685

 
3.2
%
 
$
3,507

 
3.3
%
The total accounts payable to this vendor were the following:
 
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Accounts Payable
 
$ (thousands)
 
% of Accounts Payable
Related party vendor
$
1,476

 
2.2
%
 
$
1,815

 
3.0
%
Our payable terms and pricing with this vendor are consistent with the terms offered by other vendors in the ordinary course of business. The accounting policies that we apply to our transactions with our related party vendor are consistent with those applied in transactions with independent third parties. Corporate management routinely monitors purchases from our related party vendor to ensure these purchases remain consistent with our business objectives. 
Note 5 — Goodwill and Intangible Assets, Net
Goodwill
Goodwill and changes in the carrying amount of goodwill were as follows:
 
(In thousands)
 
Balance at December 31, 2012
$
30,890

Foreign currency
(14
)
Balance at June 30, 2013
$
30,876


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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


Intangible Assets, Net
The components of intangible assets, net were as follows:
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
(In thousands)
Gross
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
 
Gross
 
Accumulated
Amortization
 
Net
Carrying amount (1):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Distribution rights
$
373

 
$
(50
)
 
$
323

 
$
378

 
$
(50
)
 
$
328

Patents
8,541

 
(4,097
)
 
4,444

 
8,113

 
(3,847
)
 
4,266

Trademark and trade names
2,840

 
(1,268
)
 
1,572

 
2,841

 
(1,127
)
 
1,714

Developed and core technology
3,505

 
(1,022
)
 
2,483

 
3,507

 
(906
)
 
2,601

Capitalized software development costs
327

 
(119
)
 
208

 
1,276

 
(913
)
 
363

Customer relationships
26,400

 
(7,118
)
 
19,282

 
26,415

 
(5,852
)
 
20,563

Total carrying amount
$
41,986

 
$
(13,674
)
 
$
28,312

 
$
42,530

 
$
(12,695
)
 
$
29,835

 
(1) 
This table excludes the gross value of fully amortized intangible assets totaling $6.3 million and $9.1 million on June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.
Amortization expense is recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses, except amortization expense related to capitalized software development costs which is recorded in cost of sales. Amortization expense by income statement caption was as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Cost of sales
$
51

 
$
76

 
$
143

 
$
157

Selling, general and administrative
973

 
962

 
1,945

 
1,920

Total amortization expense
$
1,024

 
$
1,038

 
$
2,088

 
$
2,077

 
Estimated future amortization expense related to our intangible assets at June 30, 2013, is as follows:
 
(In thousands)
 
2013 (remaining 6 months)
$
2,048

2014
4,053

2015
3,888

2016
3,871

2017
3,842

Thereafter
10,610

Total
$
28,312

Impairment charges are recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses as a component of amortization expense, except impairment charges related to capitalized software development costs which are recorded in cost of sales. We recorded immaterial impairment charges related to our intangible assets for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012.
We disposed of three patents and one trademark with an immaterial aggregate carrying amount during the six months ended June 30, 2013. We disposed of eleven patents with an immaterial aggregate carrying amount during the six months ended June 30, 2012. These assets no longer held any probable future economic benefits and thus were written-off.
Note 6 — Line of Credit
On October 2, 2012, we entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement ("Amended Credit Agreement") with U.S. Bank National Association ("U.S. Bank") which provides for a $55.0 million line of credit ("Credit Line") that may be used for working

12

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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


capital and other general corporate purposes including acquisitions, share repurchases and capital expenditures. The Amended Credit Agreement expires on November 1, 2014. Amounts available for borrowing under the Credit Line are reduced by the balance of any outstanding letters of credit, of which there were $13 thousand at June 30, 2013.
All obligations under the Credit Line are secured by substantially all of our U.S. personal property and tangible and intangible assets as well as 65% of our ownership interest in Enson Assets Limited, our wholly-owned subsidiary which controls our manufacturing factories in the People's Republic of China ("PRC").
Under the Amended Credit Agreement, we may elect to pay interest on the Credit Line based on LIBOR plus an applicable margin (varying from 1.25% to 1.75%) or base rate (based on the prime rate of U.S. Bank or as otherwise specified in the Amended Credit Agreement) plus an applicable margin (varying from -0.25% to +0.25%). The applicable margins are calculated quarterly and vary based on our leverage ratio as set forth in the Amended Credit Agreement. There are no commitment fees or unused line fees under the Amended Credit Agreement.
The Amended Credit Agreement includes financial covenants requiring a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum leverage ratio and minimum liquidity levels. In addition, the Amended Credit Agreement also contains other customary affirmative and negative covenants and events of default. As of June 30, 2013, we were in compliance with the covenants and conditions of the Amended Credit Agreement.
Our total interest expense on borrowings was $16 thousand and $0.1 million during the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Our total interest expense on borrowings was $49 thousand and $0.2 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
Note 7 — Income Taxes
We utilize our estimated annual effective tax rate to determine our provision for income taxes for interim periods. The income tax provision is computed by taking the estimated annual effective tax rate and multiplying it by the year-to-date pre-tax book income. We recorded income tax expense of $2.5 million and $1.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Our effective tax rate was 30.0% and 18.1% during the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The increase in our effective tax rate was due to the following: the recording of approximately $0.4 million of additional tax reserves in the second quarter of 2013 resulting from a tax audit in Hong Kong for years preceding our acquisition of Enson Assets Limited; a greater percentage of income earned in higher tax rate jurisdictions in 2013 compared to 2012; and the reversal of $0.3 million of unrecognized tax benefits in the second quarter of 2012 which were originally recorded in 2007, 2010 and 2011.
We recorded income tax expense of $2.9 million and $1.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. Our effective tax rate was 24.9% and 17.7% during the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. The increase in our effective tax rate was due to the following: the recording of approximately $0.4 million of additional tax reserves in the second quarter of 2013 resulting from a tax audit in Hong Kong for years preceding our acquisition of Enson Assets Limited; a greater percentage of income earned in higher tax rate jurisdictions in 2013 compared to 2012; and the reversal of $0.5 million of unrecognized tax benefits in 2012 which were originally recorded in 2007 through 2011.
On June 30, 2013, we had gross unrecognized tax benefits of approximately $5.5 million, including interest and penalties, of which approximately $5.0 million would affect the annual effective tax rate if these tax benefits are realized. Further, we are unaware of any positions for which it is reasonably possible that the total amount of unrecognized tax benefits will significantly increase within the next twelve months. However, based on federal, state and foreign statute expirations in various jurisdictions, we anticipate a decrease in unrecognized tax benefits of approximately $0.1 million within the next twelve months.
We have elected to classify interest and penalties as a component of tax expense. Accrued interest and penalties of $0.5 million and $0.1 million on June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively, are included in our unrecognized tax benefits.
We file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and in various state and foreign jurisdictions. On June 30, 2013, the open statutes of limitations in our significant tax jurisdictions were as follows: federal 2009 through 2012, state 2008 through 2012, and non-U.S. 2006 through 2012. On June 30, 2013, of our gross unrecognized tax benefits of $5.5 million, which included $0.5 million of interest and penalties, $3.6 million are classified as current and $1.9 million are classified as long term.

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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


Note 8 — Accrued Compensation
The components of accrued compensation are listed below:
 
(In thousands)
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
Accrued social insurance (1)
$
20,135

 
$
19,842

Accrued salary/wages
5,393

 
4,862

Accrued vacation/holiday
2,202

 
2,048

Accrued bonus (2)
3,076

 
4,181

Accrued commission
470

 
478

Accrued medical insurance claims
669

 
643

Other accrued compensation
1,060

 
1,344

Total accrued compensation
$
33,005

 
$
33,398

 
(1) 
Effective January 1, 2008, the Chinese Labor Contract Law was enacted in the PRC. This law mandated that PRC employers remit the applicable social insurance payments to their local government. Social insurance is comprised of various components such as pension, medical insurance, job injury insurance, unemployment insurance, and a housing assistance fund, and is administered in a manner similar to social security in the United States. This amount represents our estimate of the amounts due to the PRC government for social insurance on June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012.
(2) 
Accrued bonus includes an accrual for an extra month of salary ("13th month salary") to be paid to employees in certain geographies where it is the customary business practice. This 13th month salary is paid to these employees if they remain employed with us through December 31st. The total accrued for the 13th month salary was $0.4 million and $0.5 million at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012, respectively.
Note 9 — Other Accrued Expenses
The components of other accrued expenses are listed below:
 
(In thousands)
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
Advertising and marketing
$
478

 
$
501

Duties
819

 
584

Freight
1,458

 
1,666

Product development
381

 
569

Product warranty claim costs
279

 
404

Professional fees
806

 
1,234

Sales taxes and VAT
671

 
1,979

Third-party commissions
677

 
337

Tooling (1)
638

 
221

Utilities
356

 
316

Other
3,195

 
2,833

Total other accrued expenses
$
9,758

 
$
10,644

 
(1) 
The tooling accrual balance relates to unearned revenue for tooling that will be sold to customers.


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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


Note 10 — Commitments and Contingencies
Product Warranties
Changes in the reserve for product warranty claim costs were as follows:
 
(In thousands)
Description
 
Balance at
Beginning
of Period
 
Accruals
for
Warranties
Issued
During the
Period
 
Settlements
(in Cash or
in Kind)
During the
Period
 
Balance
at End
of Period
 Reserve for product warranty claim costs:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Six months ended June 30, 2013
 
$
404

 
$
375

 
$
(500
)
 
$
279

Six months ended June 30, 2012
 
$
6

 
$

 
$

 
$
6

Litigation
On March 2, 2012, we filed a lawsuit against Universal Remote Control, Inc. ("URC") in the United States District Court, Central District of California (Universal Electronics Inc. v. Universal Remote Control, Inc., SACV12-0039 AG (JPRx)) alleging that URC is infringing, directly and indirectly, four of our patents related to remote control technology. We have alleged that this complaint relates to multiple URC remote control products, including the URC model numbers UR5U-9000L, WR7 and other remote controls with different model names or numbers, but with substantially the same designs, features, and functionalities. We are seeking monetary relief for the infringement, including enhanced damages due to the willfulness of URC's actions, injunctive relief to enjoin URC from further infringing, including contributory infringement and/or inducing infringement, and attorney's fees. URC has denied infringing our patents. On January 29, 2013, the Court held its "Markman" hearing and on February 1, 2013, the Court issued its ruling that four of the 24 claims we have asserted against URC were invalid, effectively removing one of the four patents alleged by us to be infringed by URC from this litigation. We are presently determining whether or not to appeal this decision, but in our estimation this ruling does not materially affect our position in this litigation. In all other respects, this litigation is continuing as scheduled with discovery continuing.
On June 28, 2013, we filed a second lawsuit against URC, also in the United States District Court, Central District of California (Universal Electronics Inc. v. Universal Remote Control, Inc., SACV13-00987 JAK (SHx)). In this second lawsuit, we are alleging that URC is infringing, directly and indirectly, nine additional patents that we own related to remote control technology. As in the first lawsuit, in this second lawsuit we have alleged that this complaint relates to multiple URC remote control products. We are seeking monetary relief for infringement, including enhanced damages due to the willfulness of URC's actions, injunctive relief to enjoin URC from further infringing, including contributory infringement and/or inducing infringement, and attorney's fees. URC has not yet responded to this complaint.
There are no other material pending legal proceedings to which we or any of our subsidiaries is a party or of which our respective property is the subject. However, as is typical in our industry and to the nature and kind of business in which we are engaged, from time to time, various claims, charges and litigation are asserted or commenced by third parties against us or by us against third parties arising from or related to product liability, infringement of patent or other intellectual property rights, breach of warranty, contractual relations, or employee relations. The amounts claimed may be substantial but may not bear any reasonable relationship to the merits of the claims or the extent of any real risk of court awards assessed against us or in our favor. However, no assurances can be made as to the outcome of any of these matters, nor can we estimate the range of potential losses to us. In our opinion, final judgments, if any, which might be rendered against us in potential or pending litigation would not have a material adverse effect on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows. Moreover, we believe that our products do not infringe any third parties' patents or other intellectual property rights.
We maintain directors' and officers' liability insurance which insures our individual directors and officers against certain claims, as well as attorney's fees and related expenses incurred in connection with the defense of such claims.
Defined Benefit Plan
Our subsidiary in India maintains a defined benefit pension plan ("India Plan") for local employees, which is consistent with local statutes and practices. The pension plan was adequately funded on June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 based on its latest actuarial

15

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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


report. The India Plan has an independent external manager that advises us of the appropriate funding contribution requirements to which we comply. At June 30, 2013, approximately 38 percent of our India subsidiary employees had qualified for eligibility. An individual must be employed by our India subsidiary for a minimum of 5 years before becoming eligible. Upon the termination, resignation or retirement of an eligible employee, we are liable to pay the employee an amount equal to 15 days salary for each full year of service completed. The total amount of liability outstanding at June 30, 2013 and December 31, 2012 for the India Plan was not material. During the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, the net periodic benefit costs were also not material.
Note 11 — Treasury Stock
Repurchased shares of our common stock were as follows:
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands, except share data)
2013
 
2012
Shares repurchased
117,666

 
27,980

Cost of shares repurchased
$
2,435

 
$
486

Repurchased shares are recorded as shares held in treasury at cost. We hold these shares for future use as management and the Board of Directors deem appropriate, which has included compensating our outside directors. During the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, we issued 15,000 and 22,500 shares from treasury, respectively, to outside directors for services performed (see Note 13).
From time to time, our Board of Directors authorizes management to repurchase shares of our issued and outstanding common stock. Repurchases may be made to manage dilution created by shares issued under our stock incentive plans or whenever we deem a repurchase is a good use of our cash and the price to be paid is at or below a threshold approved by our Board. As of June 30, 2013, we had 968,905 shares available for repurchase under the Board's authorizations.
Note 12 — Business Segment and Foreign Operations
Reportable Segment
An operating segment, in part, is a component of an enterprise whose operating results are regularly reviewed by the chief operating decision maker to make decisions about resources to be allocated to the segment and assess its performance. Operating segments may be aggregated only to a limited extent. Our chief operating decision maker, the Chief Executive Officer, reviews financial information presented on a consolidated basis, accompanied by disaggregated information about revenues for purposes of making operating decisions and assessing financial performance. Accordingly, we only have a single operating and reportable segment.
Foreign Operations
Our net sales to external customers by geographic area were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
United States
$
47,979

 
$
40,129

 
$
92,747

 
$
74,349

Asia (excluding PRC)
29,575

 
32,857

 
51,735

 
61,519

People's Republic of China
24,803

 
19,287

 
41,624

 
34,709

Europe
17,992

 
14,982

 
33,521

 
28,134

Latin America
8,887

 
5,109

 
16,710

 
12,141

Other
6,873

 
4,340

 
14,494

 
9,584

Total net sales
$
136,109

 
$
116,704

 
$
250,831

 
$
220,436

Specific identification of the customer billing location was the basis used for attributing revenues from external customers to geographic areas.

16

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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


Long-lived tangible assets were as follows:
 
(In thousands)
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
Long-lived tangible assets:
 
 
 
United States
$
5,242

 
$
5,541

People's Republic of China
73,015

 
73,804

All other countries
3,275

 
3,722

Total
$
81,532

 
$
83,067

Note 13 — Stock-Based Compensation
Stock-based compensation expense for each employee and director is presented in the same income statement caption as their cash compensation. Stock-based compensation expense by income statement caption and the related income tax benefit were as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Research and development
$
55

 
$
45

 
$
112

 
$
115

Selling, general and administrative:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Employees
1,149

 
890

 
2,258

 
1,812

Outside directors
96

 
205

 
191

 
410

Total stock-based compensation expense
$
1,300

 
$
1,140

 
$
2,561

 
$
2,337

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income tax benefit
$
415

 
$
360

 
$
804

 
$
767


Stock Options

Stock option activity was as follows:
 
Number of Options
(in 000's)
Weighted-Average Exercise Price
Weighted-Average Remaining Contractual Terms
(in years)
Aggregate Intrinsic Value
(in 000's)
Outstanding at December 31, 2012
1,412

$
20.56

 
 
Granted
201

19.68

 
 
Exercised
(273
)
14.44

 
$
2,703

Forfeited/canceled/expired
(7
)
28.08

 
 
Outstanding at June 30, 2013 (1)
1,333

$
21.64

5.72

$
8,799

Vested and expected to vest at June 30, 2013 (1)
1,329

$
21.65

5.70

$
8,763

Exercisable on June 30, 2013 (1)
989

$
21.89

4.60

$
6,279

(1) 
The aggregate intrinsic value represents the total pre-tax value (the difference between our closing stock price on the last trading day of the second quarter of 2013 and the exercise price, multiplied by the number of in-the-money options) that would have been received by the option holders had they all exercised their options on June 30, 2013. This amount will change based on the fair market value of our stock.

17

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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


The assumptions we utilized in the Black-Scholes option pricing model and the resulting weighted average fair value of stock option grants were the following:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Weighted average fair value of grants (1)
$
10.04

 
$

 
$
9.26

 
$
9.65

Risk-free interest rate
0.73
%
 

 
0.95
%
 
0.86
%
Expected volatility
52.38
%
 

 
53.39
%
 
55.25
%
Expected life in years
5.20

 

 
5.20

 
5.14


(1) 
The weighted average fair value of grants was calculated utilizing the stock options granted during each respective period.
As of June 30, 2013, we expect to recognize $3.0 million of total unrecognized pre-tax stock-based compensation expense related to non-vested stock options over a remaining weighted-average life of 2.1 years.
Restricted Stock
Non-vested restricted stock award activity was as follows:
 
 
Shares Granted
(in 000’s)
 
Weighted-Average Grant Date Fair Value
Non-vested at December 31, 2012
270

 
$
18.72

Granted
80

 
19.25

Vested
(72
)
 
20.74

Forfeited

 

Non-vested at June 30, 2013
278

 
18.34

As of June 30, 2013, we expect to recognize $4.1 million of total unrecognized pre-tax stock-based compensation expense related to non-vested restricted stock awards over a weighted-average life of 1.8 years.  
Note 14 — Other Income (Expense), Net
Other income (expense), net consisted of the following:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Net gain (loss) on foreign currency exchange contracts (1)
$
(57
)
 
$
(254
)
 
$
(255
)
 
$
(214
)
Net gain (loss) on foreign currency exchange transactions
(1,596
)
 
111

 
(1,949
)
 
(339
)
Other income
23

 
17

 
24

 
103

Other income (expense), net
$
(1,630
)
 
$
(126
)
 
$
(2,180
)
 
$
(450
)
 
(1) 
This represents the gains and (losses) incurred on foreign currency hedging derivatives (see Note 16 for further details).

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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


Note 15 — Earnings Per Share
Earnings per share was calculated as follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands, except per-share amounts)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
BASIC
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
5,841

 
$
5,153

 
$
8,787

 
$
6,785

Weighted-average common shares outstanding
15,098

 
14,933

 
15,032

 
14,904

Basic earnings per share
$
0.39

 
$
0.35

 
$
0.58

 
$
0.46

DILUTED
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
5,841

 
$
5,153

 
$
8,787

 
$
6,785

Weighted-average common shares outstanding for basic
15,098

 
14,933

 
15,032

 
14,904

Dilutive effect of stock options and restricted stock
321

 
115

 
290

 
176

Weighted-average common shares outstanding on a diluted basis
15,419

 
15,048

 
15,322

 
15,080

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.38

 
$
0.34

 
$
0.57

 
$
0.45

The number of stock options and shares of restricted stock excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per common share were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Stock options
641

 
1,228

 
729

 
967

Restricted stock shares

 
167

 
30

 
162

Note 16 — Derivatives
We are exposed to market risks from foreign currency exchange rates, which may adversely affect our operating results and financial position. Our foreign currency exposures are primarily concentrated in the Argentinian Peso, Brazilian Real, British Pound, Chinese Yuan Renminbi, Euro, Hong Kong dollar, Indian Rupee, and Singapore dollar. We periodically enter into foreign currency exchange contracts with terms normally lasting less than nine months to protect against the adverse effects that exchange-rate fluctuations may have on our foreign currency-denominated receivables, payables, cash flows and reported income. Derivative financial instruments are used to manage risk and are not used for trading or other speculative purposes. We do not use leveraged derivative financial instruments and these derivatives have not qualified for hedge accounting.
The gains and losses on the derivatives are recorded in other income (expense), net. Derivatives are recorded on the balance sheet at fair value. The estimated fair values of our derivative financial instruments represent the amount required to enter into offsetting contracts with similar remaining maturities based on quoted market prices. We have determined that the fair value of our derivatives are derived from level 2 inputs in the fair value hierarchy. The following table sets forth the fair value of derivatives:
 
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
(In thousands)
 
Fair Value Measurement Using
 
Total
 
Fair Value Measurement Using
 
Total
Description
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
 
Balance
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
 
Balance
Foreign currency exchange futures contracts
 
$

 
$
(172
)
 
$

 
$
(172
)
 
$

 
$
(13
)
 
$

 
$
(13
)
We held foreign currency exchange contracts which resulted in a net pre-tax loss of $0.1 million and $0.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, respectively. For the six months ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, we had a net pre-tax loss of $0.3 million and $0.2 million, respectively.

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UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
JUNE 30, 2013
(Unaudited)


Details of foreign currency futures contracts held were as follows:
Date Held
 
Type
 
Position Held
 
Notional Value
(in millions)
 
Forward Rate
 
Gain/(Loss) Recorded at Balance Sheet
Date
(in thousands)(1)
 
Settlement Date
June 30, 2013
 
USD/Euro
 
Euro
 
$
6.0

 
1.3405

 
$
(172
)
 
July 26, 2013
December 31, 2012
 
USD/Euro
 
Euro
 
$
5.0

 
1.3228

 
$
(13
)
 
January 18, 2013
(1) 
Gains on futures contracts are recorded in prepaid expenses and other current assets. Losses on futures contracts are recorded in other accrued expenses.

20

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ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
The following discussion should be read in conjunction with the Consolidated Financial Statements and the related notes that appear elsewhere in this document.
Overview
We develop and manufacture a broad line of pre-programmed universal remote control products, audio-video ("AV") accessories, and software that are marketed to enhance home entertainment systems. Our customers operate in the consumer electronics market and include subscription broadcasters, OEMs, international retailers, private labels, and companies in the computing industry. We also sell integrated circuits, on which our software and infrared ("IR") code database, or library, is embedded, to OEMs that manufacture wireless control devices, cable converters or satellite receivers for resale in their products.
Since our beginning in 1986, we have compiled an extensive IR code library that covers over 743,800 individual device functions and approximately 5,900 individual consumer electronic equipment brand names. Our library is regularly updated with IR codes used in newly introduced AV devices. These IR codes are captured directly from the remote control devices or the manufacturer's written specifications to ensure the accuracy and integrity of the database. We believe that our universal remote control library contains device codes that are capable of controlling virtually all IR controlled set-top boxes, televisions, audio components, DVD players, and CD players, as well as most other infrared remote controlled home entertainment devices and home automation control modules worldwide.
We operate as one business segment. We have twenty-four subsidiaries located in Argentina, Cayman Islands, France, Germany, Hong Kong (6), India, Italy, the Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, Brazil, British Virgin Islands (3), People's Republic of China (4) and the United Kingdom.
To recap our results for the six months ended June 30, 2013:
Our net sales increased 13.8% to 250.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 from $220.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012.
Our gross margin percentage improved from 27.8% for the six months ended June 30, 2012 to 28.1% for the six months ended June 30, 2013. This improvement was primarily due to an increase in units produced internally versus units produced by third-party manufacturers.
Operating expenses, as a percent of sales, decreased from 23.8% for the six months ended June 30, 2012 to 22.5% for the six months ended June 30, 2013.
Our operating income increased 58.0% to $13.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 from $8.8 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012, and our operating margin percentage increased to 5.6% for the six months ended June 30, 2013, compared to 4.0% for the six months ended June 30, 2012.
Our effective tax rate increased to 24.9% for the six months ended June 30, 2013, compared to 17.7% for the six months ended June 30, 2012.
Our strategic business objectives for 2013 include the following:
continue to develop industry-leading technologies and products with attractive gross margins in order to improve profitability;
continue to increase our market share in new product categories, such as smart devices and game consoles;
further penetrate the growing Asian and Latin American subscription broadcasting markets;
acquire new customers in historically strong regions;
increase our share with existing customers; and
continue to seek acquisitions or strategic partners that complement and strengthen our existing business.
We intend for the following discussion of our financial condition and results of operations to provide information that will assist in understanding our consolidated financial statements, the changes in certain key items in those financial statements from period to period, and the primary factors that accounted for those changes, as well as how certain accounting principles, policies and estimates affect our consolidated financial statements.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, disclosure of contingent

21

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assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates and judgments, including those related to revenue recognition, allowance for sales returns and doubtful accounts, warranties, inventory valuation, business combination purchase price allocations, our review for impairment of long-lived assets, intangible assets and goodwill, income taxes and stock-based compensation expense. Actual results may differ from these judgments and estimates, and they may be adjusted as more information becomes available. Any adjustment may be significant.
An accounting policy is deemed to be critical if it requires an accounting estimate to be made based on assumptions about matters that are highly uncertain at the time the estimate is made, if different estimates reasonably may have been used, or if changes in the estimate that are reasonably likely to occur may materially impact the financial statements. We do not believe that there have been any significant changes during the three and six months ended June 30, 2013 to the items that we disclosed as our critical accounting policies and estimates in Item 7, "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" contained in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for our fiscal year ended December 31, 2012.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

See Note 1 contained in the "Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements" for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.
Results of Operations
The following table sets forth our results of operations expressed as a percentage of net sales for the periods indicated.
 
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
(In thousands)
2013
 
2012
 
2013
 
2012
Net sales
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
Cost of sales
72.2

 
71.7

 
71.9

 
72.2

Gross profit
27.8

 
28.3

 
28.1

 
27.8

Research and development expenses
3.0

 
2.9

 
3.3

 
3.1

Selling, general and administrative expenses
17.5

 
19.9

 
19.2

 
20.7

Operating income
7.3

 
5.5

 
5.6

 
4.0

Interest income (expense), net

 

 

 

Other income (expense), net
(1.2
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.9
)
 
(0.2
)
Income before provision for income taxes
6.1

 
5.4

 
4.7

 
3.8

Provision for income taxes
1.8

 
1.0

 
1.2

 
0.7

Net income
4.3
 %
 
4.4
 %
 
3.5
 %
 
3.1
 %
Three Months Ended June 30, 2013 versus Three Months Ended June 30, 2012
Net sales. Net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2013 were $136.1 million, an increase of 17% compared to $116.7 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012. Net sales by our business and consumer lines were as follows:
 
Three Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
$ (millions)
 
% of total
 
$ (millions)
 
% of total
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Business
$
124.2

 
91.3
%
 
$
103.9

 
89.0
%
Consumer
11.9

 
8.7
%
 
12.8

 
11.0
%
Total net sales
$
136.1

 
100.0
%
 
$
116.7

 
100.0
%
Net sales in our Business lines (subscription broadcasting, OEM, and computing companies) were 91% of net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to 89% for the three months ended June 30, 2012. Net sales in our Business lines for the three months ended June 30, 2013 increased by 20% to $124.2 million driven primarily by strong demand in North American subscription broadcasting and Latin American subscription broadcasting, particularly in Brazil, as well as growth in net sales to consumer electronics companies in Asia.

22

Table of Contents

Net sales in our Consumer lines (One For All® retail and private label) were 9% of net sales for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to 11% for the three months ended June 30, 2012. Net sales in our Consumer lines for the three months ended June 30, 2013 decreased by 7% to $11.9 million primarily due to a 30% decrease in North American retail sales and a 3% decrease in international retail sales that was driven largely by soft consumer demand and cautious retailers in the European market.
Gross profit. Gross profit for the three months ended June 30, 2013 was $37.8 million compared to $33.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012. Gross profit as a percent of sales decreased to 27.8% for the three months ended June 30, 2013 from 28.3% for the three months ended June 30, 2012, primarily due to sales mix, with sales to larger customers representing a higher percentage of the total sales.
Research and development ("R&D") expenses. R&D expenses increased 18% to $4.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 from $3.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012. This increase was in line with our strategic initiatives and was primarily driven by additional R&D efforts dedicated to developing new product offerings for new and existing product categories.
Selling, general and administrative ("SG&A") expenses. SG&A expenses increased 3% to $23.8 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 from $23.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012. This increase was driven primarily by increased payroll costs associated with hiring key personnel in global engineering and in our Asian operations, increased incentive compensation costs, and increased freight and delivery costs associated with higher sales volumes in the current period. These increases were partially offset by a reduction in litigation costs associated with protecting our intellectual property.
Interest income (expense), net. Net interest income was $4 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to net interest expense of $51 thousand for the three months ended June 30, 2012. This change was driven by lower interest expense in the current period due to decreased credit needs.
Other income (expense), net. Net other expense was $1.6 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to net other expense of $0.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012. This increase was driven primarily by increased foreign currency losses associated with fluctuations in foreign currency rates related to the Chinese Yuan Renminbi, Brazilian Real, and Argentinian Peso.
Income tax expense. Income tax expense was $2.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $1.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2012. Our effective tax rate was 30.0% for the three months ended June 30, 2013 compared to 18.1% for the three months ended June 30, 2012. The increase in our effective tax rate was due to the following: the recording of approximately $0.4 million of additional tax reserves in the second quarter of 2013 resulting from a tax audit in Hong Kong for years preceding our acquisition of Enson Assets Limited; a greater percentage of income earned in higher tax rate jurisdictions in 2013 compared to 2012; and the reversal of $0.3 million of unrecognized tax benefits in the second quarter of 2012 which were originally recorded in 2007, 2010 and 2011.
Six months ended June 30, 2013 versus Six months ended June 30, 2012
Net sales. Net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2013 were $250.8 million, an increase of 14% compared to $220.4 million for six months ended June 30, 2012. Net sales by our business and consumer lines were as follows:
 
Six Months Ended June 30,
 
2013
 
2012
 
$ (millions)
 
% of total
 
$ (millions)
 
% of total
Net sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Business
$
228.8

 
91.2
%
 
$
196.3

 
89.1
%
Consumer
22.0

 
8.8
%
 
24.1

 
10.9
%
Total net sales
$
250.8

 
100.0
%
 
$
220.4

 
100.0
%
Net sales in our Business lines (subscription broadcasting, OEM, and computing companies) were 91% of net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to 89% for the six months ended June 30, 2012. Net sales in our Business lines for the six months ended June 30, 2013 increased by 17% to $228.8 million driven primarily by strong demand in North American subscription broadcasting and Latin American subscription broadcasting, particularly in Brazil.
Net sales in our Consumer lines (One For All® retail and private label) were 9% of net sales for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to 11% for the six months ended June 30, 2012. Net sales in our Consumer lines for the six months ended June 30, 2013 decreased by 9% to $22.0 million primarily due to a 9% decrease in international retail sales that was driven largely by soft consumer demand and cautious retailers in the European market.

23

Table of Contents

Gross profit. Gross profit for the six months ended June 30, 2013 was $70.4 million compared to $61.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012. Gross profit as a percent of sales increased to 28.1% for the six months ended June 30, 2013 from 27.8% for the six months ended June 30, 2012. This improvement was primarily due to an increase in units produced internally versus units produced by third-party manufacturers.
Research and development expenses. R&D expenses increased 20% to $8.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 from $6.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012. This increase was in line with our strategic initiatives and was primarily driven by additional R&D efforts dedicated to developing new product offerings for new and existing product categories.
Selling, general and administrative expenses. SG&A expenses increased 6% to $48.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 from $45.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012. This increase was driven primarily by increased payroll costs associated with hiring key personnel in global engineering and in our Asian operations, increased incentive compensation costs, and increased freight and delivery costs associated with higher sales volumes in the current period. These increases were partially offset by a reduction in litigation costs associated with protecting our intellectual property.
Interest income (expense), net. Net interest income was $13 thousand for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to net interest expense of $88 thousand for the six months ended June 30, 2012. This change was driven primarily by lower interest expense in the current period due to decreased credit needs.
Other income (expense), net. Net other expense was $2.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to net other expense of $0.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012. This increase was driven primarily by increased foreign currency losses associated with fluctuations in foreign currency rates related to the Chinese Yuan Renminbi, Brazilian Real, and Argentinian Peso.
Income tax expense. Income tax expense was $2.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $1.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012. Our effective tax rate was 24.9% for the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to 17.7% for the six months ended June 30, 2012. The increase in our effective tax rate was due to the following: the recording of approximately $0.4 million of additional tax reserves in the second quarter of 2013 resulting from a tax audit in Hong Kong for years preceding our acquisition of Enson Assets Limited; a greater percentage of income earned in higher tax rate jurisdictions in 2013 compared to 2012; and the reversal of $0.5 million of unrecognized tax benefits in 2012 which were originally recorded in 2007 through 2011.

Liquidity and Capital Resources
Sources and Uses of Cash
 
(In thousands)
Six Months Ended June 30, 2013
 
Increase
(Decrease)
 
Six Months Ended June 30, 2012
Cash provided by operating activities
$
7,946

 
$
(655
)
 
$
8,601

Cash used for investing activities
(5,309
)
 
(618
)
 
(4,691
)
Cash provided by (used for) financing activities
1,877

 
4,347

 
(2,470
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
638

 
762

 
(124
)
 
 
June 30, 2013
 
Increase
(Decrease)
 
December 31, 2012
Cash and cash equivalents
$
49,745

 
$
5,152

 
$
44,593

Working capital
129,875

 
16,387

 
113,488

Net cash provided by operating activities decreased $0.7 million to cash inflows of $7.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013 from cash inflows of $8.6 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012, primarily due to the net impact of changes in working capital needs associated with inventory, accounts receivable and accounts payable. We have increased inventory levels during the six months ended June 30, 2013 to support a higher level of expected sales in the current year. In addition, we purchased more resin than usual as a result of attractive pricing and we increased the inventory levels of certain components, primarily chips, as a result of increased lead times. With regard to accounts receivable, days sales outstanding decreased from approximately 66 days for the three months ended June 30, 2012 to approximately 59 days for the three months ended June 30, 2013. Accounts payable for the six months ended June 20, 2013 increased by approximately $2.6 million compared to a decrease of $13.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012.

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Table of Contents

Net cash used for investing activities during the six months ended June 30, 2013 was $5.3 million compared to $4.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012. Cash outflows to purchase property, plant and equipment were $4.7 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to $4.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2012. This increase is due primarily to equipment purchases at our China factories which has enabled us to produce more units internally versus utilizing third-party manufacturers.
Net cash provided by financing activities was $1.9 million during the six months ended June 30, 2013 compared to net cash used for financing activities of $2.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012. The increase in cash provided by financing activities was driven by higher proceeds from stock options exercises in the current year period and $3.4 million of net debt repayments in the prior year period, partially offset by an increased level of stock repurchases in the current year period.
During the six months ended June 30, 2013, we repurchased 117,666 shares of our common stock at a cost of $2.4 million compared to our repurchase of 27,980 shares at a cost of $0.5 million during the six months ended June 30, 2012. We hold these shares as treasury stock and they are available for reissue. Presently, except for using a minimal number of these treasury shares to compensate our outside board members, we have no plans to distribute these shares, although we may change these plans if necessary to fulfill our on-going business objectives.
From time to time, our Board of Directors authorizes management to repurchase shares of our issued and outstanding common stock. Repurchases may be made to manage dilution created by shares issued under our stock incentive plans or whenever we deem a repurchase is a good use of our cash and the price to be paid is at or below a threshold approved by our Board. As of June 30, 2013, we had 968,905 shares available for repurchase under the Board's authorizations.
Contractual Obligations
The following table summarizes our contractual obligations and the effect these obligations are expected to have on our liquidity and cash flow in future periods.
 
 
Payments Due by Period
(In thousands)
Total
 
Less than
1 year
 
1 - 3
years
 
4 - 5
years
 
After
5  years
Contractual obligations:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating lease obligations
$
11,578

 
$
2,309

 
$
3,417

 
$
2,031

 
$
3,821

Capital lease obligations
83

 
20

 
40

 
23

 

Purchase obligations(1) (2)
590

 
590

 

 

 

Total contractual obligations
$
12,251

 
$
2,919

 
$
3,457

 
$
2,054

 
$
3,821

 
(1) 
Purchase obligations include contractual payments to purchase tooling assets.
(2) 
We issue cancelable purchase orders for our inventory purchases, which we exclude from the above contractual obligations table. We have determined that $76.7 million previously reported as inventory purchase obligations, all of which related to one contractual arrangement, are not contractually binding and thus have removed them from this table.
Liquidity
Historically, we have utilized cash provided from operations as our primary source of liquidity, as internally generated cash flows have been sufficient to support our business operations, capital expenditures and discretionary share repurchases. Our working capital needs have typically been greatest during the third and fourth quarters when accounts receivable and inventories increase in connection with the fourth quarter holiday selling season. We believe our current cash balances and anticipated cash flow to be generated from operations will be sufficient to cover cash outlays expected during 2013; however, because our cash is located in various jurisdictions throughout the world, we may at times need to borrow from our revolving line of credit until we are able to transfer cash among our various entities. Our liquidity is subject to various risks including the risks discussed under "Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk."

(In thousands)
June 30, 2013
 
December 31, 2012
Cash and cash equivalents
$
49,745

 
$
44,593

Debt

 

Available borrowing resources
54,987

 
55,000


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Table of Contents

Our cash balances are held in numerous locations throughout the world. The majority of our cash is held outside of the United States and may be repatriated to the United States but, under current law, would be subject to United States federal income taxes, less applicable foreign tax credits. Repatriation of some foreign balances is restricted by local laws. We have not provided for the United States federal tax liability on these amounts for financial statement purposes as this cash is considered indefinitely reinvested outside of the United States. Our intent is to meet our domestic liquidity needs through ongoing cash flows, external borrowings, or both. We utilize a variety of tax planning strategies in an effort to ensure that our worldwide cash is available in the locations in which it is needed.
On June 30, 2013, we had $14.2 million, $25.8 million, $6.1 million and $3.7 million of cash and cash equivalents in the United States, Asia, Europe, and South America, respectively. On December 31, 2012, we had approximately $2.7 million, $27.3 million, $9.4 million, and $5.2 million of cash and cash equivalents in the United States, Asia, Europe and South America, respectively. We attempt to mitigate our exposure to liquidity, credit and other relevant risks by placing our cash and cash equivalents with financial institutions we believe are high quality.
On October 2, 2012, we entered into an Amended and Restated Credit Agreement ("Amended Credit Agreement") with U.S. Bank National Association ("U.S. Bank") which provides for a $55.0 million line of credit ("Credit Line") that may be used for working capital and other general corporate purposes including acquisitions, share repurchases and capital expenditures. The Amended Credit Agreement expires on November 1, 2014. Amounts available for borrowing under the Credit Line are reduced by the balance of any outstanding letters of credit, of which there were $13 thousand at June 30, 2013.
All obligations under the Credit Line are secured by substantially all of our U.S. personal property and tangible and intangible assets as well as 65% of our ownership interest in Enson Assets Limited, our wholly-owned subsidiary which controls our manufacturing factories in the PRC.
Under the Amended Credit Agreement, we may elect to pay interest on the Credit Line based on LIBOR plus an applicable margin (varying from 1.25% to 1.75%) or base rate (based on the prime rate of U.S. Bank or as otherwise specified in the Amended Credit Agreement) plus an applicable margin (varying from -0.25% to +0.25%). The applicable margins are calculated quarterly and vary based on our leverage ratio as set forth in the Amended Credit Agreement. There are no commitment fees or unused line fees under the Amended Credit Agreement.
The Amended Credit Agreement includes financial covenants requiring a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, a maximum leverage ratio and minimum liquidity levels. In addition, the Amended Credit Agreement also contains other customary affirmative and negative covenants and events of default. As of June 30, 2013, we were in compliance with the covenants and conditions of the Amended Credit Agreement.
Off Balance Sheet Arrangements
We do not participate in any material off balance sheet arrangements.

Factors That May Affect Financial Condition and Future Results

Forward Looking Statements
We caution that the following important factors, among others (including but not limited to factors discussed in "Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," as well as those discussed in our 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K, or in our other reports filed from time to time with the Securities and Exchange Commission), may affect our actual results and may contribute to or cause our actual consolidated results to differ materially from those expressed in any of our forward-looking statements. The factors included here are not exhaustive. Further, any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and we undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statement to reflect events or circumstances after the date on which such statement is made or to reflect the occurrence of unanticipated events. New factors emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for management to predict all such factors, nor can we assess the impact of each such factor on the business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement. Therefore, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual future results.
While we believe that the forward-looking statements made in this report are based on reasonable assumptions, the actual outcome of such statements is subject to a number of risks and uncertainties, including the failure of our markets to continue growing and expanding in the manner we anticipated; the failure of our customers to grow and expand as we anticipated; the effects of natural or other events beyond our control, including the effects political unrest, war or terrorist activities may have on us or the economy; the economic environment's effect on us or our customers; the growth of, acceptance of and the demand for our products and technologies in various markets and geographical regions, including cable, satellite, consumer electronics, retail, and digital media and interactive technology; our inability to add profitable complementary products which are accepted by the marketplace; our

26

Table of Contents

inability to attract and retain a quality workforce at adequate levels in all regions of the world, and particularly Asia; our inability to continue to maintain our operating costs at acceptable levels through our cost containment efforts; our inability to continue selling our products or licensing our technologies at higher or profitable margins; our inability to obtain orders or maintain our order volume with new and existing customers; our inability to develop new and innovative technologies and products that are accepted by our customers; the possible dilutive effect our stock incentive programs may have on our earnings per share and stock price; our inability to continue to obtain adequate quantities of component parts or secure adequate factory production capacity on a timely basis; and other factors listed from time to time in our press releases and filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
We are exposed to various market risks, including interest rate and foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations. We have established policies, procedures and internal processes governing our management of these risks and the use of financial instruments to mitigate our risk exposure.
Interest Rate Risk
We are exposed to interest rate risk related to our debt. Although at June 30, 2013 we had no outstanding borrowings under our Credit Line, from time to time we need to borrow amounts for working capital and other liquidity needs. Under the Amended Credit Agreement that became effective on October 2, 2012, we may elect to pay interest on outstanding borrowings on our Credit Line based on LIBOR or a base rate (based on the prime rate of U.S. Bank) plus an applicable margin as defined in the Amended Credit Agreement. A 100 basis point increase in interest rates would have had an insignificant effect on reported net income for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013.
We cannot make any assurances that we will not need to borrow additional amounts in the future or that funds will be extended to us under comparable terms or at all. If funding is not available to us at a time when we need to borrow, we would have to use our cash reserves, including potentially repatriating cash from foreign jurisdictions, which may have a material adverse effect on our operating results, financial position and cash flows.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk
At June 30, 2013, we had wholly owned subsidiaries in Argentina, Brazil, Cayman Islands, France, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Italy, the Netherlands, the PRC, Singapore, Spain, and the United Kingdom. We are exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk inherent in our sales commitments, anticipated sales, anticipated purchases, assets and liabilities denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar. The most significant foreign currencies to our operations during 2013 are the Euro, British Pound, Chinese Yuan Renminbi, Indian Rupee, Singapore dollar, Argentinian Peso and Brazilian Real. For most currencies, we are a net receiver of the foreign currency and therefore benefit from a weaker U.S. dollar and are adversely affected by a stronger U.S. dollar relative to the foreign currency. Even where we are a net receiver, a weaker U.S. dollar may adversely affect certain expense figures taken alone.
From time to time, we enter into foreign currency exchange agreements to manage the foreign currency exchange rate risks inherent in our forecasted income and cash flows denominated in foreign currencies. The terms of these foreign currency exchange agreements normally last less than nine months. We recognize the gains and losses on these foreign currency contracts in the same period as the remeasurement gains and losses of the related foreign currency-denominated exposures.
It is difficult to estimate the impact of fluctuations on reported income, as it depends on the opening and closing rates, the average net balance sheet positions held in a foreign currency and the amount of income generated in local currency. We routinely forecast what these balance sheet positions and income generated in local currency may be and we take steps to minimize exposure as we deem appropriate. Alternatively, we may choose not to hedge the foreign currency risk associated with our foreign currency exposures, primarily if such exposure acts as a natural foreign currency hedge for other offsetting amounts denominated in the same currency or the currency is difficult or too expensive to hedge. We do not enter into any derivative transactions for speculative purposes.
The sensitivity of earnings to variability in exchange rates is assessed by applying an approximate range of potential rate fluctuations to our assets and obligations, including currency contracts, and projected results of operations denominated in foreign currency with all other variables held constant. Based on our overall foreign currency rate exposure at June 30, 2013, we estimate that if the exchange rates for the Euro, British Pound, Chinese Yuan Renminbi, Indian Rupee, Singapore dollar, Argentinian Peso, and the Brazilian Real relative to the U.S. dollar fluctuate 10% from June 30, 2013, net income in the third quarter of 2013 would fluctuate by approximately $4.3 million.

27

Table of Contents

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(d) defines "disclosure controls and procedures" to mean controls and procedures of a company that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by the company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Commission’s rules and forms. The definition further states that disclosure controls and procedures include, without limitation, controls and procedures designed to ensure that the information required to be disclosed by a company in the reports that it files or submits under the Exchange Act is accumulated and communicated to the company’s management, including its principal executive and principal financial officers, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
An evaluation was performed under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive and principal financial officers, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, our principal executive and principal financial officers have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective, as of the end of the period covered by this report, to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by us in reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in Securities and Exchange Commission rules and forms and is accumulated and communicated to our management to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosures.

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
We are subject to lawsuits arising out of the conduct of our business. The discussion of our litigation matters contained in "Notes to the Consolidated Financial Statements - Note 10" is incorporated herein by reference.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
The reader should carefully consider, in connection with the other information in this report, the factors discussed in "Part I, Item 1A: Risk Factors" of the Company's 2012 Annual Report on Form 10-K incorporated herein by reference. These factors may cause our actual results to differ materially from those stated in forward-looking statements contained in this document and elsewhere.
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
During the three months ended June 30, 2013, we repurchased 36,647 shares of our issued and outstanding common stock for $0.9 million under the ongoing and systematic programs approved by our Board of Directors. We make stock repurchases to manage the dilution created by shares issued under our stock incentive plans or when we deem a repurchase is a good use of our cash and the price to be paid is at or below a threshold approved by our Board from time to time. On June 30, 2013, we had 968,905 shares available for repurchase under the Board's authorizations.
The following table sets forth, for the three months ended June 30, 2013, our total stock repurchases, average price paid per share and the maximum number of shares that may yet be purchased under our plans or programs:
 
Period
 
Total Number of Shares Purchased
 
Weighted Average
Price Paid
per Share
 
Total Number  of Shares Purchased as Part of Publicly Announced Plans or Programs
 
Maximum Number of Shares that May Yet Be Purchased Under the Plans or Programs
April 1, 2013 - April 30, 2013
 
5,552

 
$
22.17

 
5,552

 
1,000,000

May 1, 2013 - May 31, 2013
 
29,774

 
24.06

 
29,774

 
970,226

June 1, 2013 - June 30, 2013
 
1,321

 
28.41

 
1,321

 
968,905

Total
 
36,647

 
$
23.93

 
36,647

 
968,905


28

Table of Contents

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

31.1
 
Rule 13a-14(a) Certifications of Paul D. Arling, Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer) of Universal Electronics Inc.
 
 
31.2
 
Rule 13a-14(a) Certifications of Bryan M. Hackworth, Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer and principal accounting officer) of Universal Electronics Inc.
 
 
32
 
Section 1350 Certifications of Paul D. Arling, Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer) of Universal Electronics Inc., and Bryan M. Hackworth, Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer and principal accounting officer) of Universal Electronics Inc. pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350
 
 
*101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
*101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
 
*101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
*101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
 
*101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
 
 
*101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
*
 
XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) information is furnished and not filed or a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, is deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.



29

Table of Contents

SIGNATURE
Pursuant to the requirement of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 



 
 
 
 
 
 
Dated:
August 8, 2013
 
UNIVERSAL ELECTRONICS INC.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
By:
 
/s/ Bryan M. Hackworth
 
 
 
 
 
Bryan M. Hackworth
 
 
 
 
 
Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer
 
 
 
 
 
and principal accounting officer)



30

Table of Contents


EXHIBIT INDEX
 
Exhibit No.
 
Description
31.1
 
Rule 13a-14(a) Certifications of Paul D. Arling, Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer) of Universal Electronics Inc.
 
 
31.2
 
Rule 13a-14(a) Certifications of Bryan M. Hackworth, Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer and principal accounting officer) of Universal Electronics Inc.
 
 
32
 
Section 1350 Certifications of Paul D. Arling, Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer) of Universal Electronics Inc., and Bryan M. Hackworth, Chief Financial Officer (principal financial officer and principal accounting officer) of Universal Electronics Inc. pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350
 
 
*101.INS
 
XBRL Instance Document
 
 
*101.SCH
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Schema Document
 
 
*101.CAL
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Calculation Linkbase Document
 
 
*101.DEF
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Definition Linkbase Document
 
 
*101.LAB
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Label Linkbase Document
 
 
*101.PRE
 
XBRL Taxonomy Extension Presentation Linkbase Document
 
 
 
*
 
XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language) information is furnished and not filed or a part of a registration statement or prospectus for purposes of Sections 11 or 12 of the Securities Act of 1933, is deemed not filed for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and otherwise is not subject to liability under these sections.

























31
UEIC-06.30.2013-10Q- EX 31.1


Exhibit 31.1
I, Paul D. Arling, certify that:
1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Universal Electronics Inc.;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors:
a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: August 8, 2013
/s/ Paul D. Arling
Paul D. Arling
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
(principal executive officer)


UEIC-06.30.2013-10Q- EX 31.2


Exhibit 31.2
I, Bryan M. Hackworth, certify that:
1.
I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Universal Electronics Inc.;
2.
Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3.
Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5.
The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of registrant’s board of directors:
a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
Date: August 8, 2013
 
/s/ Bryan M. Hackworth
Bryan M. Hackworth
Chief Financial Officer
(principal financial officer
and principal accounting officer)


UEIC-06.30.2013-10Q- EX 32


Exhibit 32
SECTION 1350 CERTIFICATIONS
Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, each of the undersigned officers of Universal Electronics Inc. (the “Company”), hereby certifies that the (i) Company’s Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended June 30, 2013 (the “Report”) fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d), as applicable, of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and (ii) the information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.